Infectious_diseases

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  • Coronavirus (COVID-19) or Influenza - How to Tell

    Information and guidance on similarities and differences of COVID-19 and influenza infections.

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  • Cryptosporidiosis—Child Care and Schools

    An intestinal infection caused by a parasite (Cryptosporidium hominis or C parvum)

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  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection—Child Care and Schools

    A viral infection common in children (Up to 70% of normal children aged 1 to 3 years in group care settings excrete cytomegalovirus [CMV].)

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  • Dental Caries (Early Childhood Caries, Tooth Decay, or Cavities)—Child Care and Schools

    Early childhood caries (commonly called cavities) is the most common chronic disease of childhood. Caries are the result of an infectious disease process that damages tooth structure and makes holes in the teeth. The consequences of early childhood caries are much more than unattractive teeth. Early

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  • Diaper Rash—Child Care and Schools

    A shiny red rash, pinker than usual skin, or red bumps in the diaper area that may be caused by a yeast called Candida. There are other causes of diaper rash that produce a similar skin appearance but are not caused by an infection.

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  • Diarrhea Caused by Specific Types of E coli (Escherichia coli)—Child Care and Schools

    Although many types of Escherichia coli (E coli) bacteria live normally in the intestinal tract, at least 5 types are known to cause diarrhea. Shiga toxin–producing E coli has caused numerous outbreaks in group care settings. Infections with Shiga toxin–producing E coli may be associated with other

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  • Diarrhea—Child Care and Schools

    An illness in which someone develops more watery and frequent stools than is typical for that person. Diarrhea can be caused by changes in diet, such as drinking excessive amount of fruit juice, eating more than the usual amounts of certain foods, and the use of some medications. Diarrhea also can be

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  • Ear Infection—Child Care and Schools

    There are 2 common types of ear infections: otitis media (middle ear infection) and otitis externa (swimmer’s ear). Most ear infections of young children occur in the middle ear.

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  • Fever—Child Care and Schools

    Fever is an elevation of the normal body temperature. Fever is most commonly caused by a viral or bacterial infection, but it can be a sign of illnesses not caused by infections, such as exercising in a very warm environment, rheumatoid arthritis, a reaction to a vaccine or medication, or cancer.

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  • Fifth Disease (Human Parvovirus B19)—Child Care and Schools

    Common viral infection with rash occurring 1 to 3 weeks after infection

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  • Getting Children and Teens Outside While Physical Distancing for COVID-19

    Many schools are now closed due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. You may have created a schedule for your family. Ideally, it includes some outdoor time.

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  • Giardiasis—Child Care and Schools

    An intestinal infection caused by a parasite (Giardia intestinalis)

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  • HIV/AIDS—Child Care and Schools

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection affects the body in a wide variety of ways. In the most severe infection, the virus progressively destroys the body’s immune system, causing a condition called acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). With early testing and appropriate treatment, children

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  • Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease—Child Care and Schools

    A common set of symptoms associated with viral infections that are most frequently seen in the summer and fall. Despite its scary name, this illness generally is mild. Most commonly caused by coxsackievirus A16 and enterovirus 71.

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  • Hepatitis A Infection—Child Care and Schools

    Fecal-oral route: Contact with feces of children who are infected. This generally involves an infected child contaminating his own fingers, then touching an object that another child touches. The child who touched the contaminated surface then puts her fingers into her own mouth or another person’s

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